Demographics London

2009-02-15 21:40 682 Нравится 3



increasing industrialisation, London's

population grew rapidly throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, becoming

the most populated city in the world for a period in the late 19th century.

Some 7,420,600 people were estimated to live in London as of 2004 at an overall density of

4,697 people per square kilometre.

It has

historically been known as one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the

world, and this continues in the modern day, with more than 300 languages

spoken and 50 non-indigenous communities with a population of more than 10,000

living in London.

In the 2001 census, it was shown that 40% of London's population classified themselves as

non-British, with 29% classifying themselves as "non-white".


terms of religion, London

is historically dominated by Christianity, and consequently has a large number

of churches, particularly in the City. The famous St Paul's

Cathedral in the City and Southwark Cathedral south of the river are Anglican

administrative centres, whilst important national and royal ceremonies are

shared between St Paul's

and Westminster Abbey. The Abbey is not to be confused with nearby Westminster

Cathedral, a relatively recent edifice which is the largest Roman Catholic

cathedral in England and Wales.

Despite this

dominance, London

is also home to sizeable Muslim, Hindu and Jewish communities. Many Muslims

live in Tower Hamlets and Newham; the most important Muslim edifice is London

Central Mosque on the edge of Regent's Park. A large Hindu community exists in

Southall, West London, and has constructed the largest Hindu temple in Europe, Neasden Temple. The majority of British Jews

live in London, with significant Jewish

communities in Stamford Hill and Golders Green

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